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资格证英语笔试之名词性从句必做20题(2)

http://www.hteacher.net 2019-11-21 08:47 中国教师资格网 [您的教师考试网]

1. He was amazed at _______.

A. how the airline had been efficient B. how had the airline been efficient

C. how efficient had been the airline D. how efficient the airline had been

2. _______ that she had forgotten to lock the door.

A. There occurred B. It was occurred

C. There was occurred D. It occurred

3. He wondered _______ for his birthday.

A. what had Mary bought B. Mary had bought what

C. what Mary had bought D. what had bought by Mary

4. _______ we are doing has never been done before.

A. What B. Which C. That D. Whether

5. It doesn’t matter _______.

A. if or not he likes it B. whether or not he likes it

C. he likes it or not D. he likes it

6. At _______ he thought was the appropriate moment, he _______ and gave her all that he could.

A. when; came up B. that; came in

C. what; came up D. which; came in

7. Life has ups and downs, the point is _______ you can hold on to the last when _______ misfortune.

A. whether; faced with B. that; facing with

C. which; faced with D. what; facing with

8.We should consider the students’ request _________ the school library _________ more books on popular science.

A. if; provide B. that; provides

C. that: provide D. how; provides

9. —It’s so careless of you to make a spelling mistake again.

—Sorry. I couldn’t remember _______.

A. when I learnt the word B. if I have learnt the word

C. where should I put the silent “t” D. in which class did you teach the word

10. The reason ______ she gave for being late was ______ her car broke down on the way.

A. why; because B. for which; that C. that; that D. for which; because

答案解析

1.D【解析】考查宾语从句。句意:他对航空公司曾经如此高效这件事感到惊讶。其一,宾语从句应用陈述语序;其二,how修饰形容词副词时,放在其前,因此是how efficient,故选D。

2.D【解析】考查主语从句。句意:她突然想起来自己忘记了锁门。It occurred (to sb.) that…表示(某人)突然想到……,其中it为形式主语,that引导主语从句。故选D。

3.C【解析】考查宾语从句。句意:他在想玛丽给他买了什么生日礼物。其一,宾语从句应为陈述语序;其二,what引导从句并作bought的宾语。故选C。

4.A【解析】考查主语从句。句意:我们正在做的事情以前从来没有做过。此处what引导主语从句并做doing的宾语,故选A。

5.B【解析】考查宾语从句。句意:他喜欢与否并不重要。根据句意可知,此处是whether引导名词性从句并与or not连用表示“是否”且不能与if互换。故选B。

6.C【解析】考查动词词组辨析与名词性从句。句意:他在自认为合适的时刻出现了,并对她倾其所有。第一空为at后面的介词宾语从句,he thought为插入语,且从句中was the appropriate moment中缺少主语,故排除A;第二空come up表示“出现”,而come in意为“进来”;come up更为合适。故选C。

7.A【解析】考查表语从句和状语从句。句意:人生起伏跌宕,关键是面临困境时,你能否一直坚持到最后一刻。根据句意可知,此处为whether引导的表语从句,且表语从句中意义不完整,需要补充“是否”的含义,所以第一空选whether;第二空可以填facing或faced with,此处考查的是状语从句的省略,当主句和从句的主语一致,且从句中谓语中含有be动词时,可以省略主语及be动词,补充完整:when you are facing misfortune /when you are faced with misfortune。故选A。

8.C【解析】考查同位语从句。句意:我们应该考虑学生请求学校图书馆提供学生更多的关于科普方面的书籍的要求。根据名词request及后面完整的句子可知,该句是同位语从句,从句用来解释说明前面的名词request,所以需用连接词that;request后跟从句需用虚拟语气,(should)do结构,这里should可以省略。故选C。

9.A【解析】考查宾语从句。句意:“你真粗心,又犯了一个拼写错误。”“对不起,我不记得什么时候学过这个单词。”根据I couldn’t remember可知后面是一个宾语从句,从句应该用陈述语序,故首先排除C、D。A项表示什么时间学的这个单词;B项表示是否学过这个单词。根据句意可知此处应填入when I learnt the word。故选A。

10.C【解析】考查表语从句及定语从句。句意:她迟到的原因是她的车在路上出故障了。其一,根据句意和结构可知,the reason后需填入定语从句的引导词,先行词是the reason,指物,在定语从句中做宾语,用that或者which来引导,也可以省略关系代词;其二,第二空由that引导表语从句,that不做成分,起连接作用。故选C。

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