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资格证笔试定语从句必做30题(1)

http://www.hteacher.net 2019-11-15 10:46 中国教师资格网 [您的教师考试网]

1. My mother is grateful to the surgeon, without _______ help she would have died from her heart attack.

A. whom B. them C. which D. whose

2. In September of 2016, the G20 summit will be held in Hangzhou, _______ theme is to stress innovation, reform and development.

A. where B. which C. when D. whose

3. The gentleman _______ you talked yesterday proved to be a thief.

A. what B. who C. for which D. about whom

4. —Friends, we’ll graduate from middle school. We shouldn’t forget the days _______ we spent with classmates.

—Yeah, without friends, one can’t be happy.

A. when B. how C. who D. which

5. I can remember well the persons and some pictures _______ I saw in the art museum.

A. what B. that C. how D. which

6. Examination compositions, together with most business letters and government reports, are the main situations _______ formal language is used.

A. in which B. on which C. of which D. for which

7. I was greatly shocked by the way _______ things were done there.

A. what B. that C. as D. which

8. We talked about things _______ has happened a few months ago.

A. which B. what C. whose D. who

9. I can never forget the day _______ we worked together and the day _______ we spent together.

A. when; which B. which; when C. what; that D. on which; when

10. Shy people often avoid situations _______ would force them into close contact with others.

A. where B. which C. when D. what

答案解析

1.D【解析】考查定语从句。句意:我的妈妈很感激她的外科医生,没有他的帮助,我妈妈可能会因心脏病而去世。从句主谓宾结构完整,空格处的关系词与help之间明显存在所属关系。whose表所属关系,既可指人也可指物,在从句中作定语。指物时相当于of which;指人时相当于of whom。故选D。

2. D【解析】考查定语从句。句意:2016年9月,G20峰会将在杭州举行,此次峰会的主题是创新,改革和发展。此处为非限制定语从句,缺定语。故选D。

3.D【解析】考查定语从句。句意:你昨天谈及的那位男士证实是个小偷。先行词是the gentleman,后面的定语从句缺少talk的宾语,且talk为不及物动词,谈及talk about,在定语从句中可以将从句中缺少的介词about和关系代词whom一起置于从句句首。故选D。

4.D【解析】考查定语从句。句意:“朋友们,我们将从中学毕业。我们不应该忘记和同学们一起度过的日子。”“是的,没有朋友,你就不会快乐。”此处考查定语从句,先行词是the days,且作spent的宾语,即spend the days with sb.,需要填入关系代词,因此填which,而when表时间,关系副词;how表方式,在名词性从句中作连接副词;who指人,关系代词。故选D。

5.B【解析】考查定语关系。句意:我能很好地记住我在艺术博物馆看到的那些人和照片。先行词是the persons and some pictures, 既有人又有物,因此选that。故选B。

6.A【解析】考查定语从句。句意:正式的语言主要应用于考试中的写作,以及大多数的商务信函和政府工作报告当中。situation后面由which引导定语从句,意为“在……情况下”,在定语从句中充当地点状语,缺少介词in,故选A。

7.B【解析】考查定语从句。句意:我对那里人们处理事情的方式感到非常震惊。the way在定语从句中作状语,引导词用that、in which或者省略。故选B。

8.A【解析】考查定语从句。句意:我们讨论了几个月前发生的事。其一,该句为定语从句,排除B选项,what不能引导定语从句;其二,该从句先行词为things,排除D,且从句缺少主语,排除C,whose常作定语。故选A。

9.A【解析】考查定语从句。句意:我不可能忘记我们一起工作和一起度过的日子。两个先行词the day都是表示时间的名词,但第一个空白处要填的关系词在从句中作状语,因此要用关系副词when。第二个空白处要填的关系词在从句中作动词spent的宾语,因此要用关系代词which或that来引导定语从句。故选A。

10.B【解析】考查定语从句。句意:害羞的人经常避免让他们和其他人密切接触的情况。其一,先行词是situation;其二,定语从句中缺少主语。根据定语从句中关系词的用法,当从句中缺少主、系、表语等,应选用关系代词引导定语从句。故选B。

文章来源:中国教师资格考试网

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