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资格证英语笔试之虚拟语气必做20题(2)

http://www.hteacher.net 2019-11-22 08:56 中国教师资格网 [您的教师考试网]

1. If he ________ more careful, he would have got much better results in the finals.

A. had been B. was C. has been D. were

2. If he _______ my advice, he wouldn’t have lost his job.

A. followed B. had followed

C. should follow D. would follow

3. At the meeting everybody was against his suggestion that more money _______ in this field.

A. be invested B. must be invested

C. was to be invested D. had to be invested

4. It was proposed that the matter _______ discussed at the next meeting.

A. will be B. would be C. was D. be

5. He didn’t go to the party, but he does wish he _______ there.

A. had been B. be C. were D. would be

6. The album might well have caught on, _______ less expensive.

A. had it been B. it had been C. if it were D. but for

7. I wish I _______ a chance to meet you again before I left.

A. have B. had C. had had D. will have

8. If I had seen the advertisement, I _______ for the job.

A. would have applied B. will have applied

C. would apply D. will apply

9. Thanks for all your hard work last month. I don’t think we _______ it without you.

A. can manage B. can have managed

C. could manage D. could have managed

10. He insisted that this matter _______ be discussed at the next meeting.

A. could B. would C. should D. might

答案解析

1.A【解析】考查虚拟语气。句意:如果他过去能够再细心点的话,他就可以在期末考试中取得更好的成绩。根据主句的would have got可知与过去事实相反,故从句用过去完成时。故选A。

2.B【解析】考查虚拟语气。句意:他要是早听我的意见,就不会丢工作了。根据主句的wouldn’t have lost可知表达的是与过去事实相反,主句用情态动词加have done,从句用过去完成时had done。故选B。

3.A【解析】考查虚拟语气。句意:会上每个人都反对他要将钱投资在这个领域的建议。suggestion表示“建议”时,后面的名词性从句内部要用should+动词原形,should可以省略。故选A。

4.D【解析】考查虚拟语气。句意:有人建议这个问题在下一次会议上讨论。propose表示建议的时候,后面的从句是虚拟语气,用should+动词原形,should可以省略。故选D。

5.A【解析】考查虚拟语气。句意:他没有去参加聚会,但他的确希望自己能去。动词wish后面的从句使用虚拟语气,didn’t说明是与过去事实相反,用过去完成时。故选A。

6.A【解析】考查虚拟语气。句意:要不是价格太贵,这张专辑很可能会非常流行。catch on表示“走红、流行”;句子与过去事实相反,故应用had done,此处省略了if,将had提前。故选A。

7.C【解析】考查虚拟语气。句意:但愿在离开前我还有机会见到你。wish后面用虚拟语气,表示与现在事实相反的愿望,用过去时;表示与过去事实相反的愿望,用过去完成;表示与将来事实相反的愿望,用could / would+动词原形。从该句中“left”可知,这里是指与过去事实相反的愿望,故选C。

8.A【解析】考查虚拟语气。句意:如果我看到广告,我就会申请这份工作。根据“had seen”可知是与过去事实相反,且本句中主从句表示对同一时间的虚拟,因此主句用“would/could/should/might + have done”的形式。故选A。

9.D【解析】考查虚拟语气。句意:谢谢你上周的艰苦劳动,我认为要不是你我们就不能应付过去。根据题干中所给出的时间last month可知我们已经做完了工作,已经完成,故排除A、C两项;因此本句考查without引导的含蓄条件句,根据句意可知此处表示对过去的虚拟,故主句应使用could/should/might+have done,can have done多用于否定句和疑问句中。故选D。

10.C【解析】考查虚拟语气。句意:他坚持要在下次会议上讨论这个问题。insist当“坚持要求,坚持主张”时,后面的从句使用虚拟语气,用should+动词原形,should可以省略。当“坚持说,坚持认为”时,用正常的陈述语气,不使用虚拟语气。根据句意此处表示“坚持要求”,需用虚拟语气。故选C。

文章来源:中国教师资格考试网

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