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资格证英语笔试之特殊句式必做30题(3)

http://www.hteacher.net 2019-11-21 08:54 中国教师资格网 [您的教师考试网]

1. —Would you like to go to the amusement park?

—If Jack doesn’t, _______.

A. so I will B. so will I C. neither do I D. neither will I

2. This skirt is very nice. Try _______, _______ you?

A. it on; will B. on it; shall C. on it; will D. it on; do

3. You’d rather go to theater with him this evening, _______?

A. are you B. hadn’t you C. don’t you D. wouldn’t you

4. _______ good day! Let’s have an oral English class outdoors, OK?

A. What B. What a C. How D. How a

5. I think he must be in the office now, _______?

A. don’t I B. mustn’t he C. isn’t he D. can’t he

6. Hardly _______ his statement _______ several reporters raised their hands and put forward a string of questions.

A. did the minister finish; than B. does the minister finish; before

C. has the minister finished; while D. had the minister finished; when

7. _______, everyone present was amused by his adventure story in Africa.

A. Absurd as might it sound B. As it might sound absurd

C. As absurd it might sound D. Absurd as it might sound

8. I told them not everybody could run as fast as you did, _______?

A. could he B. didn’t you C. didn’t I D. could they

9. It was during his Harvard days _______ he and his friend developed the programming language for the first microcomputer.

A. when B. which C. why D. that

10. When _______ questions after class, teacher should answer student as clearly as possible.

A. asking B. to ask C. to be asked D. asked

答案解析

1.D【解析】考查特殊句式。句意:“你想去游乐园吗?”“如果Jack不去,我就不去。”答语是一个条件状语从句,时态符合“主将从现”,排除C。If Jack doesn’t是一个否定句,因此下句应用否定句,排除A和B。so+助动词/情态动词/be动词+主语表示“……也是如此”;so+主语+助动词/情态动词/be动词表示“……的确如此”;neither/nor+助动词/情态动词/be动词+主语表示“……也不”,此处表示我也不去。故选D。

2.A【解析】考查动词搭配及反意疑问句。句意:这件裙子真漂亮,试穿一下,好吗?try sth. on,意为“试穿,试用”,排除B、C,祈使句的反意疑问句为will you,排除D。故选A。

3.D【解析】考查特殊句式的反意疑问句。句意:你宁愿今晚跟他一起去剧院,是吗?其一,You’d rather为You would rather的简略方式,因此在反意问句中用助动词would提问;其二,根据前肯后否的原则,此处应为would的否定形式。故选D。

4.B【解析】考查感叹句。句意:多么好的一天!我们在户外上口语课,好吗?此处day为可数名词,需用冠词;“what+a/an+形容词+单数可数名词”等同于“how+形容词+a/an+单数可数名词”。故选B。

5.C【解析】考查反意疑问句。句意:我认为他现在一定在办公室,对吗?若反意疑问句的陈述部分为I(we)think(believe,suppose,consider,expect)+that从句时,反义问句部分的动词和主语与that从句内的动词和主语保持一致。从句用了must且表示对现在情况的肯定推测,所以应该看must后面的谓语,故反意疑问句用isn’t he。故选C。

6.D【解析】考查部分倒装。句意:部长刚刚结束发言,就有一些记者举手并提出了很多问题。在“hardly/scarcely…when,no sooner…than”结构中,当hardly/ scarcely; no sooner等否定结构位于句首时,主句用部分倒装,译为“一……就……”。主句一般用过去完成时,从句用一般过去时。故选D。

7.D【解析】考查部分倒装。句意:尽管听起来很荒谬,但每个人都被他在非洲的冒险故事逗笑了。此处为as引导的让步状语从句,位于句首时必须用部分倒装,形容词位于句首,as后面是陈述语序。故选D。

8.C【解析】考查反意疑问句。句意:我告诉过他们,并不是每个人都能跑得跟你一样快,不是吗?含有宾语从句的反意疑问句应和主句的主语保持一致。此处应和“I told them…”保持一致,又因前肯后否,用didn’t I?故选C。

9.D【解析】考查强调句。句意:在他的哈佛时代,他和他的朋友为第一台微电脑开发了编程语言。It was…that为强调句式,这里用来强调during his Harvard days这个时间状语,如何判断强调句式:即It is/was…that去掉,整个句子依然完整,此题中将其去掉,句子依然完整。故选D。

10.D【解析】考查省略句。句意:当学生在课后提问的时候,老师应该尽可能清晰地回答。在状语从句中,主句和从句的主语一致且从句中含有be动词时,可以将从句中的主语和be动词省略,前半句完整表述为“when the teacher is asked questions after class”省略了the teacher is就成了when asked。故选D。

文章来源:中国教师资格考试网

责任编辑:张欣

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