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资格证英语笔试之非谓语必做30题(2)

http://www.hteacher.net 2019-11-20 09:59 中国教师资格网 [您的教师考试网]

1. Dozens of people plunged into dead streets, _______ to find themselves trapped by crashing buildings.

A. surprising B. to surprise C. surprised D. having been surprised

2. Hearing the news, Bob rushed out, _______ the book lying open on the table and _______ into the distance.

A. left; disappearing B. leaving; disappeared

C. having left; disappearing D. to leave; disappeared

3. _______ in the rain, he was wet to skin.

A. To be caught B. Catching C. Having caught D. Caught

4. If you don’t study English all the time, you’ll have a difficult time _______ it in the future.

A. studied B. studying C. to studying D. be studying

5. _______ my homework, I went to the library.

A. Having finished B. Have finished C. Finishing D. To finish

6. The room needs _______.

A. to clean B. cleaning C. being cleaned D. clean

7. Our teacher often advises us _______ the habit of making notes while reading.

A. to develop B. develop C. to developing D. developing

8. _______ those cotton shirts _______ will take much more time.

A. Wash; by hand B. To wash; by hands

C. Wash; with hands D. Washing; by hand

9. When you leave, please turn off the light _______ energy.

A. save B. saving C. saved D.to save

10. I got to the office earlier that day, _____________ the 7:30 train from Paddington.

A. caught B. having caught

C. to have caught D. to catch

答案解析

1.C【解析】考查非谓语动词。句意:数十人涌入了死胡同,惊讶地发现自己被倒塌的建筑所困。此处用过去分词短语作状语,表示人感到惊讶的。surprising是现在分词,表主动进行,且修饰物;to surprise是不定式,表目的,表将来;having been surprised是现在分词的完成时,且动作发生在主句动作发生之前。根据句意,故选C。

2.B【解析】考查非谓语动词。句意:听到这个消息,鲍伯冲出去,把书放在桌上,消失在远方。第一空是分词充当伴随状语的用法,因为leave与逻辑主语Bob是主动的关系,故采用现在分词;第二空的disappear与rush是and连接的并列谓语动词,故选择disappeared。故选B。

3.D【解析】考察非谓语动词的用法。句意:他被大雨淋得全身湿透了。he与catch为被动关系,他被困雨中,故用动词的过去分词caught做状语。故选D。

4.B【解析】考查非谓语动词。句意:如果你不经常学英语,将来你就很难学英语。本题是固定词组搭配,have a difficult time in doing sth.,表示“做某事很难或很吃力”。故选B。

5.A【解析】考查非谓语动词。句意:完成作业后,我去了图书馆。其一,I与finish是主动关系,故用动名词形式;其二,完成作业发生在去图书馆之前,故用完成时态;B项为谓语形式,句子中已有谓语went,可排除。故选A。

6.B【解析】考查非谓语动词。句意:房间需要打扫。need doing=need to be done,表示“某事需要被做”,可用doing形式主动表被动。故选B。

7.A【解析】考查非谓语动词。句意:我们的老师经常建议我们培养在阅读时做笔记的习惯。建议某人做某事advise sb. to do sth.,故选A。

8.D【解析】考查非谓语动词和介词短语。句意:用手洗那些棉布衬衫要花很多时间。第一空缺主语,不定式和动名词可做主语,故排除A、C。by表示抽象的方式和手段,with表示具体的方法和工具,by hand是固定短语,表示“用手”。故选D。

9.D【解析】考查非谓语动词。句意:当你离开时,为了节约能量,请关上灯。结合句意,节约能量是表示目的,故用动词不定式做目的状语,故选D。

10.B【解析】考查非谓语动词。句意:那天我到达办公室比较早,因为我赶上了从Paddington来的7:30的火车。结合句意,非谓语的主语是I,和catch是主动关系,并且这个动作已经发生,故用having caught。故选B。

文章来源:中国教师资格考试网

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