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资格证英语笔试之非谓语必做30题(1)

http://www.hteacher.net 2019-11-20 09:56 中国教师资格网 [您的教师考试网]

1. Henry can’t attend the party _______ at Tom’s house at present because he has to prepare for his trip to Rio tomorrow.

A. being held B. hold C. to hold D. to be hold

2. _______ from the Song Dynasty, the Confucian Temple of Nanjing has now developed into a famous scenic spot, _______ sightseeing, shopping and tasty foods.

A. Having dated; featured B. Dating; featuring

C. Dating; having featured D. Dated; featuring

3. In addition to a healthy diet, you also need regular exercise _______ weight.

A. losing B. having lost C. lost D. to lose

4. There’s a man at the reception desk who seems very angry and I think he means _______ trouble.

A. making B. to make C. to have made D. having made

5. _______ yourself from embarrassment, it is good to read a few books or research online about the culture and customs of the country you plan to visit.

A. To save B. Saved C. Saving D. Having saved

6. It is a good thing for you to have such a good chance to study abroad, but it remains _______ whether you can really learn something useful.

A. seen B. to see C. to be seen D. seeing

7. With an examination _______, the students felt relaxed and enjoyed themselves the whole night.

A.to take B. being taken C. taking D. taken

8. If you want to make even greater progress in your studies, you still have many difficulties__________.

A. to overcome B. to have overcome C. overcoming D. overcome

9. He appreciated _______ the chance to deliver his thesis in the annual symposium on Comparative Literature.

A. having given B. to have been given

C. to have given D. having been given

10. An overloaded school bus carrying 65 pupils rushed into the river last Saturday, _______ 50 pupils dead and 15 injured.

A. left B. to leave C. leaving D. being left

答案解析

1.A【解析】考查非谓语动词的用法。句意:Henry不能参加Tom家正在举行的晚会,因为他不得不准备明天去里约的旅行。由at present可知空处应用being held(表示正在进行的动作)后置作定语。to be held表示“将要被举行”。故选A。

2.B【解析】考查非谓语动词。句意:南京的孔子庙可以追溯到宋朝,现在已经成为了著名的旅游景点,景点以游览、购物和美食为特色。第一个空“追溯”,与逻辑主语Confucian Temple of Nanjing之间为主动关系,现在分词作状语,没有时间先后,用dating;第二个空也表示主动,意为“以……为特色”,用现在分词作后置定语,选用featuring。故选B。

3.D【解析】考查非谓语动词。句意:除了健康饮食,你还需要定期锻炼来减轻体重。本句中已经出现谓语动词need,因此需填入非谓语动词;根据句意可知此处为动词不定式表目的。故选D。

4.B【解析】考查非谓语动词。句意:接待处有个人看起来很生气,我想他是要找麻烦了。mean to do sth.表示“打算做某事”;mean doing sth.表示“意味着做某事”,此处为“打算”,排除A、D。制造麻烦这个动作还没有发生,因此不用完成时,故选B。

5.A【解析】考查非谓语动词。句意:为了避免尴尬,你可以看一些书或者在网上搜一下,看看你准备去的这个国家的风俗习惯。根据句意,前半句充当后半句的目的状语,动词不定式充当目的状语。故选A。

6.C【解析】考查非谓语动词。句意:对你来说,有这么好的机会去国外留学是一件好事,但你是否真的能学到有用的东西还有待观察。根据句意,可知学到有用的东西还没发生,所以要动词不定式表将来,而且东西是被观察,要用被动。故选C。

7.D【解析】考查非谓语动词。句意:考完试,孩子们感觉很放松,享受了通宵时光。with是介词,其后不可以跟句子,复合结构做介词with的复合宾语,复合宾语中第一部分宾语由名词或代词充当,第二部分补足语由形容词、副词、介词短语、动词不定式或分词充当,分词可以是现在分词,也可以是过去分词。examination和take是被动关系,此空应该填入动词的过去分词。故选D。

8.A【解析】考查非谓语动词。句意:如果你想在学习上取得更大的进步,你仍然要克服许多困难。“有困难要克服”应该使用have sth. to do,difficulties与overcome之间为主动关系且尚未发生,没有have sth. doing的用法。故选A。

9.D【解析】考查非谓语动词。句意:他很感激有这样一个机会,能够在比较文学的年度研讨会上发表自己的论文。appreciate后接doing,chance和he之间是被动的关系,故选D。

10.C【解析】考查非谓语动词。句意为:上个星期六,一辆搭载65名小学生的超载校车冲进了河里,导致50人死亡,15人受伤。此处应用动词的ing形式做结果状语,强调意料之内的结果。故选C。

文章来源:中国教师资格考试网

责任编辑:张欣

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