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资格证笔试定语从句必做30题(3)

http://www.hteacher.net 2019-11-15 10:54 中国教师资格网 [您的教师考试网]

1. The winner of the Nobel Prize in physics dedicated the honor to his high school physics teacher _______ had been an inspiration during his early years.

A. who B. whom C. which D. that

2. Jim had two children, _______ died from Ebola.

A. both of them B. both of whom C. they both D. one of them

3. May is a person _______ may help you a lot in improving your spoken English.

A. which B. whom C. who D. whose

4. Vivian spent four years in college, during _______ time she learned German.

A. that B. which C. what D. whose

5. —Have you found the information about famous people _______ you can use for the report?

—Not yet, I’ll search some on the internet.

A. which B. whom C. what D. who

6. It was March 5, 2013 _______ Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez lost his last fight in life at the age of 58.

A. that B. when C. since D. while

7. In areas _______ agriculture plays an important role, people do not attach importance to education, and parents are skeptical of anything _______ takes children away from their work on the farm.

A. which; that B. where; that C. which; which D. where; which

8. I must think of a proper gift for my mother, _______ won’t be expensive but will make her happy.

A. what B. one C. it D. one that

9. There are altogether fifty-four students in our class, _______ is a new comer from a faraway mountain village.

A. the most diligent of who B. but the most diligent of whom

C. the most diligent of them D. of whom the most diligent

10.This is the school _______ my father worked thirty years ago.

A. that B. when C. which D. where

答案解析

1.A【解析】考查定语从句关系词的选择。句意:这个诺贝尔物理学家把他的荣誉归功于他的中学物理老师,在早些年的时候这位老师给了他灵感。先行词为teacher,且在定语从句中作主语。故选A。

2.B【解析】考查定语从句。句意:吉姆有两个孩子,他们都死于埃博拉病毒。both of whom died from Ebola是一个非限制性定语从句,指人且充当of的宾语,故选whom。选项A、C、D需要有连词and来连接组成并列简单句。故选B。

3.C【解析】考查定语从句。句意:梅是一个可以帮助你提高英语口语水平的人。根据句意可知,May help you a lot in improving your spoken English充当a person的定语从句,且从句中缺少主语,应填入关系代词,先行词为a person,故填入who。B项在从句中充当宾语,D项充当定语,后接名词,表示“……的”。故选C。

4.B【解析】考查定语从句。句意:薇薇安上了四年大学,在此期间她学习了德语。根据句意可知,during ________ time she learned German为非限定性定语从句,修饰前半句中的four years,且从句中缺少during介词的宾语,故应填入关系代词which,本句相当于Vivian learned German during four years that she spent in college。故选B。

5.A【解析】考查定语从句。句意:“你找到可以用来做报告的名人信息了吗?”“还没有。我网上搜索一些。”通过简单的翻译来判断是定语从句。先行词information是物,做宾语,结合选项,选择关系代词which。故选A。

6.B【解析】考查定语从句。句意:“2013年3月5日,58岁的委内瑞拉总统Hugo Chavez输掉了生命中最后一场战役。”先行词为 March 5, 2013,在定语从句充当时间状语,因此选关系副词when。故选B。

7.B【解析】考查定语从句。句意:在农业发挥重要作用的地区,人们不重视教育,家长们对任何让孩子远离农场工作的事情都持怀疑态度。第一空后面内容完整,不缺成分,且先行词为area,故应选择表示地点的关系副词where。第二空后面内容不完整,缺少主语,且先行词为anything,故应选择关系代词that。故选B。

8.D【解析】考查代词及定语从句。句意为:我必须给我妈妈想一个合适的礼物,一个不太贵但是会让她开心的礼物。one指代前面提到过的gift,充当同位语从句且接定语从句,从句结构不完整,缺少主语,应用关系代词。根据题意和选项,D项符合题意。故选D。

9.D【解析】考查定语从句。句意为:我们班上总共有54个同学,其中最聪明的是一个来自偏远山村的新生。A项中who使用错误,of后应用宾格;B项中but要接完整的句子,whom使用错误,C项中them使用错误,逗号不能连接两个完整的并列简单句,whom引导非限制性定语从句。故选D。

10.D【解析】考查定语从句。先行词为the school,从句动词work为不及物动词,因此从句完整,不缺少主语宾语表语等主干成分,故选表示地点的关系副词where。故选D。

文章来源:中国教师资格考试网

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