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教师招聘笔试之如何用教育心理学理论武装我们的英文写作(5)

http://www.hteacher.net 2019-10-10 16:28 教师招聘网 [您的教师考试网]

在《如何用教育心理学理论武装我们的英文写作》之前的系列文章中,华图教师为广大考生梳理了相关理论,如晕轮效应、刻板效应等,它们可用于阐述为什么人们会对特定的人、特定的事、现象产生某种倾向性的观点的;为了帮助大家储备更多适用的教育心理学理论,本篇继续推荐写作中的高频理论,一起来学习吧。

首因效应(primacy effect)/第一印象(first impression)

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Ø 中文含义:

指与陌生人初次相见时给自己留下的印象。它鲜明、深刻而牢固,会给人一种固定并持久的看法,它影响甚至决定着今后的交往关系,在社会知觉中起着重要作用。

Ø 英文释义:

The primacy effect, in psychology and sociology, is a cognitive bias that results in a subject recalling primary information presented better than information presented later on. For example, a subject who reads a sufficiently long list of words is more likely to remember words toward the beginning than words in the middle.

Ø 实战应用:

1. 教育相关的

安徽、福建中小学写作真题

The importance of Lifelong learning to a teacher

How to be a good teacher?

What to learn?

(专业基础知识+教学方法+教育学心理学理论)

In addition to specialized/professional knowledge, mastery of some useful and well-practiced psychological theories such as primacy effect is also a necessity. (Grasping some well-employed psychology is a prerequisite. )As implied by primacy effect, in order to make remarkable impression upon students, the teacher has be perfectly prepared for the first class, the success or failure of which will directly influence the subsequent establishment of one’s authority. (第一节课的重要性)

2. 社会话题相关的

How to be successful in a job interview?

In accordance with the implications suggested by primacy effect, first impression is of utmost significance. So how to fully implement primacy effect in a job interview? The following aspects shall be seriously taken into consideration.

First, try to look your best. It signals success as studies have linked clothing consciousness to high self-respect and job satisfaction.

Second, monitor your body language. How you move and gesture easily and flexibly will greatly influence an interviewer’s first impression of you.

Third, there is a matter of how you speak. Any professional voice coach will tell you that you can learn to sound more relaxed, more assertive and more confident.

Finally, say what you mean. Your goal is to show confidence and be believed. Hold that favorable first impression by making your words consistent with your body language and appearance.

教育心理学理论众多,考生可在平时备考过程中有意识地积累,并尝试在练习过程中结合相关话题,进行灵活实践。最后,华图教育衷心祝愿广大考生能够成功迈出教师之路第一步,早日实现教师梦!

责任编辑:张欣

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