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教师招聘笔试之如何用教育心理学理论武装我们的英文写作(4)

http://www.hteacher.net 2019-10-10 16:25 教师招聘网 [您的教师考试网]

在《如何用教育心理学理论武装我们的英文写作》之前的系列文章中,华图教师为广大考生梳理了相关理论,如晕轮效应、刻板效应等,它们可用于阐述为什么人们会对特定的人、特定的事、现象产生某种倾向性的观点的;为了帮助大家储备更多适用的教育心理学理论,本篇继续推荐写作中的高频理论,一起来学习吧。

投射效应(projection effect)

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Ø 中文含义:

投射效应是指将自己的特点归因到其他人身上的倾向。在认知和对他人形成印象时,以为他人也具备与自己相似的特性的现象,把自己的感情、意志、特性投射到他人身上并强加于人,即推己及人的认知障碍。比如,一个心地善良的人会以为别人都是善良的;一个经常算计别人的人就会觉得别人也在算计他等等。(以小人之心度君子之腹;五十步笑百步)

Ø 英文释义:

The act of imaging that sb is thinking the same as you and is reacting in the same way. It is likely to give rise to misunderstanding, discord and anxiety, leaving the problem unsolved or even worsened.

Ø 实战演练:

1. 热点类话题

How to deal with stress?

Para. 1 Confirm the existence of stress.

Para. 2 Analyze the sources of stress(工作、生活、人际交往、学业)

Stress may also arise from one’s weakness in properly dealing with interpersonal relationship. It’s easy for us to assume/It is often taken for granted that we and other people think alike/share the same mind, making us susceptible to the projection effect. When subsequent disagreement comes into being, anxiety and stress emerges. (Paralyzed his trust/faith/believe)

2. 教育类话题(父母对孩子的高期望也是一种投射(送出国、学医、学经济、 工作安排(公务员、从商;)结婚、不结婚; 和谁结婚…))

Chinses parents are universally famed/reputed for the high demand and expectation they cherish for their kids. From the moment the children are born, they are expected to step on and follow the life path perfectly paved by their parents. Parents shall never be unfairly criticized for hoping the good for their offspring. Nevertheless what is worth mentioning here is that most parents may be prone to projection effect, deciding on everything for their children according to their own preference instead of their kids’. Consequently, kids start to become uneasy and rebellious.

教育心理学理论众多,考生可在平时备考过程中有意识地积累,并尝试在练习过程中结合相关话题,进行灵活实践。最后,华图教育衷心祝愿广大考生能够成功迈出教师之路第一步,早日实现教师梦!

责任编辑:张欣

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