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英语教师招聘教育教学类作文高频词汇及搭配

http://www.hteacher.net 2018-12-26 15:02 教师网 [您的教师考试网]

在近几年的各省市的教师招聘考试英语笔试中,教育教学类的作文颇受各地考官的青睐,很多考生却并不愿意在考试中遇到这类写作话题。鉴于此,华图教师事业部教研中心将通过对教育教学类作文的分类,按照高频词汇及搭配整理、课标基本理念以及教育教学类名人名言三类为大家梳理了教育教学类作文的写作素材,希望能够更好地帮助考生准备考试。

(一)教育教学类作文分类

根据对近几年各省市出现的有关教育教学作文的整理分析,大致分为3类:1. 和新课标理念紧密相关类;2. 英语教学类的意见;3.对社会上教育现象类的看法。对于该类作文,考生需要在了解新课标相关理念的基础上,结合英语的学科特色,熟悉英语知识、英语技能的教学基本原则。具体来说,对于“how to”型的作文,需要考生结合教学法知识、课标理念谈谈方法,给出具体的建议和实施方法,而对比观点类作文则要求考生在分析观点时能有自己较为客观、全面的认识。

(二)高频词整理

培养:cultivate (v.); foster(v.); nurture(v.)

促进学生身心发展:promote the students’ physical, mental (or intellectual) and emotional development

心理健康:psychological soundness (or well-being/welfare)

学习能力(先天)aptitude(n.); talent (n.)

学习能力(后天)ability (n.); skill(n.)

学校教育:schooling (n.)

家庭教育:upbringing (n.)

给学生以动力:give the students motivation to do sth.; motivate the students to do sth.

青少年:adolescents (n.); youngsters (n.); youths (n.)

传授知识:impart (or inculcate) knowledge

灌输高尚的道德观:instill high oral values (value复数)

给学生以灵感:give the students though (or inspiration)

家长的教育方式:parenting (n.); upbringing (n.)

教学法:teaching methodology; pedagogical methodology

适应:adapt to sth.; adjust oneself to sth.; become accustomed to sth.

适应能力:adaptability (n.)

学生对老师所教知识的掌握:students’ grasp (or command) of what has been taught

就业技能:employable (or marketable) skills

填鸭式教法教学生:force-feed the students

学生不应该只是被动接受知识的容器:students should not be treated as passive receptacles of predigested ideas

死记硬背:learn things by rote

为了记忆而记忆:memorize for memorization’s own sake

责任感:a sense of obligation

记忆方程式、公式、定理、定律: memorize equations, formulas, theorems and laws

应用:apply (v.)

盲从:follow sth. blindly; follow sth. Indiscriminately

限制创造力的发展:extinguish (stifle/constrain) creativity

打击学生的积极性:dampen (or sap) the students’ enthusiasm frustrate the students

产生不必要的压力:beget (or create) undue pressure

塑造某人的性格:Mold one’s character

把学生分开教育:segregate students

来自其他同学的压力:peer pressure

逆境:adverse circumstances; adversity (n.)

团队精神:team spirit

独立思考:think independently

在理解的基础上学习:learn things through understanding

鼓励学生用辩证的眼光看问题:encourage the students to think critically

学生的反馈:students’ feedback; students’ input

学生评价老师的教学:student appraise/evaluate their teachers’ performance

各门课程总称:curriculum (n.)

具体一门课的内容:syllabus (n.)

课外活动:extra-curricular activities; after-school activities

学校是社会的缩影:a school is society in miniature

不遵守纪律(名词): indiscipline; misbehavior; mischief

违反纪律的学生:disruptive students; unruly students

理论知识:theoretical knowledge

通才:generalist(n.)

专才:specialist(n.)

全面发展的:well-rounded; versatile

为社会健康发展做贡献:contribute to societal well-being (or welfare)

人文学科:humanities

社会学科:social sciences

艺术:arts

文科总称:liberal studies; arts

理科:sciences

工科:engineering

小(中、大)学教育:primary-level (or secondary-level/tertiary-level) education

职业教育:vocational education (training)

(三)教育教学类作文top 80高频词搭配

1.随着经济的繁荣

with the booming of the economy

2.随着人民生活水平的显著提高

with the remarkable improvement of people living standard

3.先进的科学技术

advanced science and technology

4.为我们日常生活增添了情趣

add much spice/flavor to our daily life

5.人们普遍认为

It is commonly /generally /widely / believed /acknowledged /supposed /accepted /considered /perceived that…

6.我同意前者(后者)观点

I give my vote to the former/latter opinion.

7.引起了广泛的公众关注

sth. has aroused wide public concern. /sth. has drawn great public attention.

8.不可否认

It is undeniable that… /It cannot be denied that / There is no denying (不可否认) the fact that

9.热烈的讨论/争论

a heated/spirited/hot discussion/debate

10.有争议性的问题

a controversial/ disputable issue /questions/problems/matters

11.就我而言/就个人而言

As far as I am concerned, /Personally, /From my perspective, /As for me,

12.有充分的理由支持

be supported by sound reasons / There are good reasons to support it

13.双方的论点argument on both sides

14.发挥日益重要作用

play an increasingly important role in.…

15.对……必不可少be indispensable to…

16.正如谚语所说

As the proverb goes /says /As the saying goes,

17.对……产生有利/不利的影响

exert positive/negative effects on…

18.利远大于弊

The advantages far outweigh the disadvantages.

19.导致,引起

lead to/give rise to /contribute to /result in /trigger

20.复杂的社会现象

a complicated social phenomenon

21.责任感/成就感

sense of responsibility/ achievement

22.竞争与合作精神

sense of competition and cooperation

23.开阔眼界

widen one’s horizon/broaden one’s vision

24.学习知识和技能

acquire knowledge and skills

25.经济/心理负担

financial burden/psychological burden

26.考虑到诸多因素

take many factors into consideration

27.从另一个角度

from another perspective

28.做出共同努力

make joint efforts

29.对……有益

be beneficial to/be conducive to…

30.为社会做贡献

make contributions to the society

31.打下坚实的基础

lay a solid foundation for…

32.综合素质

comprehensive quality

33.致力于/投身于

be committed/devoted to…

35.不可推卸的义务

unshakable duty

36.满足需求

satisfy/meet the needs of…

37.可靠的信息源

a reliable source of information

38.宝贵的自然资源

valuable natural resources

39.因特网

the Internet

40.方便快捷

convenient and efficient

41.在人类生活的方方面面

in all aspects of human life

42.环保的材料

environmentally friendly materials

43.社会进步的体现

a symbol of society progress

44.大大方便了人们的生活

sth. has greatly facilitated people’s lives.

45.对这一问题持有不同态度

hold different attitudes towards this issue

46.在定超度上to some extent

47.理论与实践相结合

integrate theory with practice

48.必然趋势an irresistible trend of…

49.日益激烈的社会竞争

the increasingly keen social competition

50.眼前利益

immediate interest/short-term interest

51长远利益 long-term interest

52.有其自身的优缺点

have its own merits and demerits/ pros and cons

53.对……有害

do harm to / be harmful to /be detrimental to

54.交流思想/情感/信息

exchange ideas/emotions /information

55.跟上……的最新发展

keep pace with 1 keep abreast with the latest development of …

56.……的健康发展

the healthy development of …

57.重视

attach great importance to …

58.社会地位

social status

59.把时间和精力放在……上

focus one’s time and energy on…

60.扩大知识面

expand one’s scope of knowledge

61.身心两方面

both physically and mentally

62.有直接/间接关系

be directly / indirectly related to…

63.导致很多问题

give rise to / lead to / spell various problems

64.可以替代 think 的词

believe, claim, maintain, argue, insist, hold the opinion / belief / view that

65.缓解压力/减轻负担

relieve stress / burden

66.优先考虑发展…

give (top) priority to sth.

67.与……相比较

compared with …/in comparison with

68.可降解的/可分解的材料

degradable / decomposable material

69.代替

replace / substitute 1 take the place of

70.提供就业机会

offer job opportunities

71.反映了社会进步的

mirror the social progress / advance

73.充分利用

make full use of / take advantage of

74.承受更大的工作压力

suffer from heavier work pressure

75.保障社会稳定和繁荣

guarantee the stability and prosperity of our society

76.更多地强调

put more emphasis on …

77.适应社会发展

adapt oneself to the social development

78.实现梦想

realize one’s dream

79.主要理由列举如下

The main / leading reasons are listed as follows

80.我们还有很长的路要走

We still have a long way to

(四)课程标准相关理念英文版整理

Designing principles for the National English Curriculum

a. Aim for educating all students, and emphasize quality-oriented education.

面向全体学生,注重素质教育

The English curriculum aims education for all students and stresses quality-oriented education. The new standards particularly show concerns over students’ affective needs as well as other learning needs in order to stimulate their interests in learning, help them experience the sense of success, and gain self-confidence in learning. Its overall objective is to develop students’ comprehensive abilities in using the language and to improve their cultural quality, to develop their practical skills, as well as to cultivate their creative spirit.

b. Promote learner-centeredness, and respect individual differences.

突出学生主体,尊重个体差异。

Students’ overall development is the motivation and goal of the English curriculum. Therefore, its objective, the teaching process, the assessment procedures as well as the development of teaching resources should all reflect the principle of learner-centered approach. Classroom teaching should become a process during which students are guided by the teachers in constructing knowledge, developing skills, being active in thinking, demonstrating personal characters, developing intelligence and broadening their views and visions. Teaching should take full consideration of students’ individual differences in learning process and their learning styles and teaching should be flexible in using teaching methods, resources and ways of assessment so as to make teaching beneficial to all kinds of students.

c. Develop competence-based objectives, and allow flexibility and adaptability.

整体设计目标,体现灵活开放。

The overall aim of the curriculum or nine-year compulsory education is to develop students’ comprehensive abilities in language use. Such abilities are grounded in the development of language skills, language knowledge, affects, cultural awareness and learning strategies. The English curriculum for nine-year compulsory education together with the related senior high school English curriculum divides the English teaching objectives into nine levels. Each level is described in terms of what students can do with the language. It is thus designed to reflect the progressive nature of students’ language development during the process of school education so as to ensure the integrity, flexibility and openness of the curriculum.

d. Pay close attention to the learning process, and advocate experiential learning and participation.

强调学习过程,倡导体验参与。

Modern foreign language teaching emphasizes the learning process and advocates the use of different teaching approaches and methods for the purpose of facilitating students’ language development.

During the process of learning English in nine-year compulsory education, students should be encouraged to discover rules of the language, master gradually language knowledge and skills, constantly monitor the affective demands, develop effective learning strategies and autonomous learning abilities by means of experiencing, practicing, participating, exploring and cooperating under the teacher’s guidance.

e. Attach particular importance to formative assessment, and give special attention to the development of competence.

注重过程评价,强调能力发展。

The assessment for the nine-year compulsory education should be geared to stimulating students’ interests and cultivating their autonomy in learning. The system should include both formative and summative assessment with formative assessment playing a primary role, paying special attention to students’ language performance and achievements during the learning process.

Assessment should be made facilitative to developing students’ interests and self-confidence in learning. Summative assessment should focus on assessing students’ overall language ability and the ability to use the language. Assessment should function positively for students to develop language abilities and healthy personalities; for teachers to improve their teaching qualities and for the development and improvement of the English curriculum.

f. Optimize learning resources, and maximize opportunities for learning and using the language.

开发课程资源,拓展学用渠道。

English curriculum requires that teachers should properly utilize and develop teaching resources so as to provide rich and healthy resources that are practical, lively, updated for students’ learning.

Teachers should make full use of various resources such as videos, television programs, books, magazines and the Internet so as to expand the opportunities for students to learn and use the language. Also teachers should encourage students to take part in exploring and utilizing resources for learning.

(五)教育教学类作文可以引用的名人名言

1. A child miseducated is a child lost. ---- John F. Kennedy

缺乏教养的孩子必将迷失于生活。

2. Education is not the filling of a pail, but the lighting of a fire. ---- W. B. Yeats

教育不是注满一桶水,而是点燃一团火。

3. Technology is just a tool. In terms of getting the kids working together and motivating them. ----Bill Gates.

科技只是一项工具,能够激励孩子们学习的还是老师。

4. Educating the mind without educating the heart is no education at all. ---- Aristotle

教育思想而不教育心灵根本就不是教育

5. The solution to adult problems tomorrow depends in large measure how our children grew up today. ----Margaret Mead

孩子如何成长决定孩子的未来。

6. education has for its object the formation of character. ----Spenser

教育的目的在于品德的培育。

7. All work and no play makes jack a dull boy.

只工作,不玩耍,聪明孩子也变傻。

8. Teaching others teaches yourself.

教学相长。

9. What sculpture is to a block of marble, education is to the soul.

教育之于心灵,犹雕刻之于大理石。

10. Education costs money, but then so does ignorance. ----Sir Claus Moser

教育需要花费钱,无知照样花费钱。

11. The roots of education are bitter, but the fruit is sweet. ----Aristotle

教育的根是苦涩的,但其果实是香甜的。

12. Education is the ability to listen to almost anything without losing your temper or your self-confidence. ----Robert Frost

教育是这样一种能力,即在倾听所有事物时不会丧失仪表或自信。

13. With talent, you do what you like. With genius, you do what you can. ----Jean Ingres

有才能的人,做自己喜爱的事;有天赋的人,做自己能做的事。

14. Give a man a fish and he will eat for a day. Teach a man to fish and he will eat for the rest of his life. ----Chinese Proverb

授人以鱼,不如授人以渔。

15. Any man can make mistakes, but only an idiot persists in his error. ----Cicero

任何人都可能犯错误,但只有傻瓜才坚持错误。

16. Then only real mistake is the one from which we learn nothing. ----John Powell

唯一真正的错误是我们不能从中学到任何东西的错误。

17. A truly great book should be read in youth, again in maturity and once more in old age, as a fine building should be seen by morning light, at noon and by moonlight. ----Robertson Davies

一本真正伟大的书应该在青年时读,然后在成熟后读,最后在老年时还要读。正如一个优美的建筑应该在晨光中看,中午再看,最后在月光中看。

18. Books are the bees which carry the quickening pollen from one to another mind. ----James Lowell

书籍是蜜蜂,将花粉从一个头脑传到另一个头脑。

19. In education we are striving not to teach youth to make a living, but to make a life. ----W. A. White

教育不是为了教会青年人谋生,而是教会他们创造生活。

20. The window to the world can be covered by a newspaper. ---- Stanislaw Lec

对着世界的窗户可能被一份报纸盖住。

教师招聘考试的目的是为各中小学选拔合格优秀的教育一线教师,了解一些前沿科学的教育理论和观点是百利而无一害的,除此以外,大家在备考教育教学类作文时也要注意积累足够的词汇搭配和句型,这样才能够在英语写作中更好地将作文审题立意阶段确定表达的内容完整无误地表述出来。

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