根据对近几年各省市出现的有关教育教学作文的整理分析，大致分为3类：1. 和新课标理念紧密相关类;2. 英语教学类的意见;3.对社会上教育现象类的看法。对于该类作文，考生需要在了解新课标相关理念的基础上，结合英语的学科特色，熟悉英语知识、英语技能的教学基本原则。具体来说，对于“how to”型的作文，需要考生结合教学法知识、课标理念谈谈方法，给出具体的建议和实施方法，而对比观点类作文则要求考生在分析观点时能有自己较为客观、全面的认识。
培养：cultivate (v.); foster(v.); nurture(v.)
促进学生身心发展：promote the students’ physical, mental (or intellectual) and emotional development
心理健康：psychological soundness (or well-being/welfare)
学习能力(先天)aptitude(n.); talent (n.)
学习能力(后天)ability (n.); skill(n.)
给学生以动力：give the students motivation to do sth.; motivate the students to do sth.
青少年：adolescents (n.); youngsters (n.); youths (n.)
传授知识：impart (or inculcate) knowledge
灌输高尚的道德观：instill high oral values (value复数)
给学生以灵感：give the students though (or inspiration)
家长的教育方式：parenting (n.); upbringing (n.)
教学法：teaching methodology; pedagogical methodology
适应：adapt to sth.; adjust oneself to sth.; become accustomed to sth.
学生对老师所教知识的掌握：students’ grasp (or command) of what has been taught
就业技能：employable (or marketable) skills
填鸭式教法教学生：force-feed the students
学生不应该只是被动接受知识的容器：students should not be treated as passive receptacles of predigested ideas
死记硬背：learn things by rote
为了记忆而记忆：memorize for memorization’s own sake
责任感：a sense of obligation
记忆方程式、公式、定理、定律: memorize equations, formulas, theorems and laws
盲从：follow sth. blindly; follow sth. Indiscriminately
限制创造力的发展：extinguish (stifle/constrain) creativity
打击学生的积极性：dampen (or sap) the students’ enthusiasm frustrate the students
产生不必要的压力：beget (or create) undue pressure
塑造某人的性格：Mold one’s character
逆境：adverse circumstances; adversity (n.)
在理解的基础上学习：learn things through understanding
鼓励学生用辩证的眼光看问题：encourage the students to think critically
学生的反馈：students’ feedback; students’ input
学生评价老师的教学：student appraise/evaluate their teachers’ performance
课外活动：extra-curricular activities; after-school activities
学校是社会的缩影：a school is society in miniature
不遵守纪律(名词): indiscipline; misbehavior; mischief
违反纪律的学生：disruptive students; unruly students
为社会健康发展做贡献：contribute to societal well-being (or welfare)
文科总称：liberal studies; arts
小(中、大)学教育：primary-level (or secondary-level/tertiary-level) education
职业教育：vocational education (training)
with the booming of the economy
with the remarkable improvement of people living standard
advanced science and technology
add much spice/flavor to our daily life
It is commonly /generally /widely / believed /acknowledged /supposed /accepted /considered /perceived that…
I give my vote to the former/latter opinion.
sth. has aroused wide public concern. /sth. has drawn great public attention.
It is undeniable that… /It cannot be denied that / There is no denying (不可否认) the fact that
a heated/spirited/hot discussion/debate
a controversial/ disputable issue /questions/problems/matters
As far as I am concerned, /Personally, /From my perspective, /As for me,
be supported by sound reasons / There are good reasons to support it
13.双方的论点argument on both sides
play an increasingly important role in.…
15.对……必不可少be indispensable to…
As the proverb goes /says /As the saying goes,
exert positive/negative effects on…
The advantages far outweigh the disadvantages.
lead to/give rise to /contribute to /result in /trigger
a complicated social phenomenon
sense of responsibility/ achievement
sense of competition and cooperation
widen one’s horizon/broaden one’s vision
acquire knowledge and skills
financial burden/psychological burden
take many factors into consideration
from another perspective
make joint efforts
be beneficial to/be conducive to…
make contributions to the society
lay a solid foundation for…
be committed/devoted to…
satisfy/meet the needs of…
a reliable source of information
valuable natural resources
convenient and efficient
in all aspects of human life
environmentally friendly materials
a symbol of society progress
sth. has greatly facilitated people’s lives.
hold different attitudes towards this issue
46.在定超度上to some extent
integrate theory with practice
48.必然趋势an irresistible trend of…
the increasingly keen social competition
immediate interest/short-term interest
51长远利益 long-term interest
have its own merits and demerits/ pros and cons
do harm to / be harmful to /be detrimental to
exchange ideas/emotions /information
keep pace with 1 keep abreast with the latest development of …
the healthy development of …
attach great importance to …
focus one’s time and energy on…
expand one’s scope of knowledge
both physically and mentally
be directly / indirectly related to…
give rise to / lead to / spell various problems
64.可以替代 think 的词
believe, claim, maintain, argue, insist, hold the opinion / belief / view that
relieve stress / burden
give (top) priority to sth.
compared with …/in comparison with
degradable / decomposable material
replace / substitute 1 take the place of
offer job opportunities
mirror the social progress / advance
make full use of / take advantage of
suffer from heavier work pressure
guarantee the stability and prosperity of our society
put more emphasis on …
adapt oneself to the social development
realize one’s dream
The main / leading reasons are listed as follows
We still have a long way to
Designing principles for the National English Curriculum
a. Aim for educating all students, and emphasize quality-oriented education.
The English curriculum aims education for all students and stresses quality-oriented education. The new standards particularly show concerns over students’ affective needs as well as other learning needs in order to stimulate their interests in learning, help them experience the sense of success, and gain self-confidence in learning. Its overall objective is to develop students’ comprehensive abilities in using the language and to improve their cultural quality, to develop their practical skills, as well as to cultivate their creative spirit.
b. Promote learner-centeredness, and respect individual differences.
Students’ overall development is the motivation and goal of the English curriculum. Therefore, its objective, the teaching process, the assessment procedures as well as the development of teaching resources should all reflect the principle of learner-centered approach. Classroom teaching should become a process during which students are guided by the teachers in constructing knowledge, developing skills, being active in thinking, demonstrating personal characters, developing intelligence and broadening their views and visions. Teaching should take full consideration of students’ individual differences in learning process and their learning styles and teaching should be flexible in using teaching methods, resources and ways of assessment so as to make teaching beneficial to all kinds of students.
c. Develop competence-based objectives, and allow flexibility and adaptability.
The overall aim of the curriculum or nine-year compulsory education is to develop students’ comprehensive abilities in language use. Such abilities are grounded in the development of language skills, language knowledge, affects, cultural awareness and learning strategies. The English curriculum for nine-year compulsory education together with the related senior high school English curriculum divides the English teaching objectives into nine levels. Each level is described in terms of what students can do with the language. It is thus designed to reflect the progressive nature of students’ language development during the process of school education so as to ensure the integrity, flexibility and openness of the curriculum.
d. Pay close attention to the learning process, and advocate experiential learning and participation.
Modern foreign language teaching emphasizes the learning process and advocates the use of different teaching approaches and methods for the purpose of facilitating students’ language development.
During the process of learning English in nine-year compulsory education, students should be encouraged to discover rules of the language, master gradually language knowledge and skills, constantly monitor the affective demands, develop effective learning strategies and autonomous learning abilities by means of experiencing, practicing, participating, exploring and cooperating under the teacher’s guidance.
e. Attach particular importance to formative assessment, and give special attention to the development of competence.
The assessment for the nine-year compulsory education should be geared to stimulating students’ interests and cultivating their autonomy in learning. The system should include both formative and summative assessment with formative assessment playing a primary role, paying special attention to students’ language performance and achievements during the learning process.
Assessment should be made facilitative to developing students’ interests and self-confidence in learning. Summative assessment should focus on assessing students’ overall language ability and the ability to use the language. Assessment should function positively for students to develop language abilities and healthy personalities; for teachers to improve their teaching qualities and for the development and improvement of the English curriculum.
f. Optimize learning resources, and maximize opportunities for learning and using the language.
English curriculum requires that teachers should properly utilize and develop teaching resources so as to provide rich and healthy resources that are practical, lively, updated for students’ learning.
Teachers should make full use of various resources such as videos, television programs, books, magazines and the Internet so as to expand the opportunities for students to learn and use the language. Also teachers should encourage students to take part in exploring and utilizing resources for learning.
1. A child miseducated is a child lost. ---- John F. Kennedy
2. Education is not the filling of a pail, but the lighting of a fire. ---- W. B. Yeats
3. Technology is just a tool. In terms of getting the kids working together and motivating them. ----Bill Gates.
4. Educating the mind without educating the heart is no education at all. ---- Aristotle
5. The solution to adult problems tomorrow depends in large measure how our children grew up today. ----Margaret Mead
6. education has for its object the formation of character. ----Spenser
7. All work and no play makes jack a dull boy.
8. Teaching others teaches yourself.
9. What sculpture is to a block of marble, education is to the soul.
10. Education costs money, but then so does ignorance. ----Sir Claus Moser
11. The roots of education are bitter, but the fruit is sweet. ----Aristotle
12. Education is the ability to listen to almost anything without losing your temper or your self-confidence. ----Robert Frost
13. With talent, you do what you like. With genius, you do what you can. ----Jean Ingres
14. Give a man a fish and he will eat for a day. Teach a man to fish and he will eat for the rest of his life. ----Chinese Proverb
15. Any man can make mistakes, but only an idiot persists in his error. ----Cicero
16. Then only real mistake is the one from which we learn nothing. ----John Powell
17. A truly great book should be read in youth, again in maturity and once more in old age, as a fine building should be seen by morning light, at noon and by moonlight. ----Robertson Davies
18. Books are the bees which carry the quickening pollen from one to another mind. ----James Lowell
19. In education we are striving not to teach youth to make a living, but to make a life. ----W. A. White
20. The window to the world can be covered by a newspaper. ---- Stanislaw Lec
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